Thomson Reuters, a leading company in providing intelligent information for businesses and professionals, has selected Professor Ferenc Krausz, Director at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching and Chair of Experimental Physics at the Ludwig- Maximilians-Universität (LMU) Munich, as a Thomson Reuters Citation Laureate for “his contributions to the field of Physics”. The decision on Prof. Krausz was derived from an examination of the citation data within Thomson Reuters Web of Science which is based upon the number of times other researchers have chosen to cite his scientific publications. The distinction is meant to highlight the significance the work of Prof. Krausz has in the eyes of the scientific community.
Professor Ferenc Krausz is recognized as the founder of the field of attosecond physics. In 2001 he succeeded in generating light pulses in the attosecond domain (an attosecond is a billionth of a billionth of a second) for the first time. The application of these ultrashort pulses for the observation of electrons inside atoms in 2002 was celebrated by the scientific journals Nature and Science as one of that year’s 10 most important achievements in science. These measurements have already brought amazing new insights into atomic and solid state physics.
In 2003, Professor Krausz developed a new laser technique that, using a new style of mirrors, generated light pulses consisting of only a few wave cycles with controlled waveforms for the first time. The perfectly controlled high-intensity fields of these (1fs = 10-15s) pulses exert forces on electrically charged elementary particles (electrons or protons) that are comparable to intra-atomic forces.
The high application potential of these laser pulses is being explored at the Munich-Centre for Advanced Photonics(MAP), a research network carried by the LMU, TUM and the MPQ, for shedding light on the mysteries of microscopic motions and developing new biomedical techniques in the new Centre for Advanced Laser Applications (CALA) which is currently under construction on the Garching research site.